Working with discourses of critical medical anthropology and humanistic medicine, my research is centered on the concept of care in health and healing. I consider care’s contingencies in terms of sentimentality and praxis as well as the cultural politics and inter-relationality of care networks. Fieldwork conducted in Southwest Uganda examines the role of village midwives and the risks associated with this radical, and now outlawed, institution of care. My dissertation explores such emergent treatises of care in the shifting medical landscape of Uganda and how these are entangled with what I hold to be bio-bureaucratic obligation and responsibility. I argue that the work of the traditional birth attendant, as a women’s health advocate, is both locally sustaining and globally demonstrative of idioms of health and development.